Archaeologists and metal detectorists alike have helped to uncover some of the world’s most revered wonders of the past. Tutankhamun’s tomb, Machu Pichu, China’s terracotta warriors, the list is endless. To help celebrate archaeology’s rise to public attention in the past week, Express.co.uk takes a look at five of the best discoveries to have ever been made in Europe.
For centuries archaeologists have been searching all over the continent to make the next big discovery.
From the cold north of Scandinavia to the Greek archipelago in the south, monumental hauls have been made within all four corners of Europe.
What exactly are viewed as some of Europe’s greatest archaeological finds?
Here, we take a look at five of the best and their historical significance.
1.8 million-year-old skull
Between 2000 and 2005 two parts that formed a complete skull – that was later found to be 1.8 million years old – were discovered in Georgia.
To date, it is the oldest completely preserved skull ever found in the world and confirmed to scientists that the species it belonged to ‘Homo erectus’ was far more variable in appearance than originally thought.
Consequently, the finding also suggested that the evolution path of ancient humans was more simple than had previously been assumed.
During 1850, in Scotland, a severe storm stripped the earth of what would eventually be recognised as one of the best-preserved Neolithic settlements within Europe.
The settlement dates back more than 5,000 years in age and presents a remarkable picture of how human life would have existed within that period.